What Are Operating Activities in a Business?

business activities examples

This is a general term that encompasses all the economic activities carried out by a company during the course of business. Business activities, including operating, investing, and financing activities, are ongoing and focused on creating value for shareholders. Identify whether each of the following items would appear in the operating, investing, or financing activities section of the statement of cash flows. A section of the statement of cash flows that includes cash activities related to net income, such as cash receipts from sales revenue and cash payments for merchandise. This business activity is rated by far the highest amongst all types of business activities.

business activities examples

The operating category includes the costs to run the company like payroll, supplies, inventory, and similar items. Investing and financing go hand-in-hand, but they function differently and can be tricky to grasp.

How do business activities work?

Customer perception might be the most crucial factor in framing your competitive advantage, so you need to have a pulse on it. In all likelihood, you’re not going to happen upon a nuanced, in-depth picture of your competitors’ primary and support activities. A value chain analysis is a means of improving your competitive advantage, so it serves any business that conducts one to keep that kind of information close to the chest.

business activities examples

However, adoption of the above-mentioned measures shall not hinder the lawful business activities, production and operation of the auditees. Financing and leasing on costly equipment are popular business activities secondary planet, aircraft , railway rolling stock. This process is outlined on a document with clear start and endpoints. When following this process map, an organization performs a series of actions in order to complete a task within a predetermined timeline. Organizations use BPM software to monitor and control automated and non-automated business processes and to help improve their existing processes. For example, where the business uses manual methods to manage inventory, the management can acquire an inventory management software program that automates most of the processes and saves both time and costs. The marketing activities would be divided into several subcategories like market research which would involve in collecting data which is a primary and secondary.

Start-up vs. Operating Costs

Anything to do with the movement of money, i.e., cash inflows and outflows, is a financial activity. Manufacturing companies are involved in turning raw materials into physical products, which are then sold to consumers. One of the things that a manufacturing company can do to achieve efficiency is to source quality raw materials from credible suppliers. For perishable and edible products, the business should look into how raw materials are stored, processed, and shipped to consumers.

business activities examples

The newspaper report detailed the fraudster’s multifarious business activities. Using repeatable steps to produce consistent outcomes helps organizations to more accurately predict the resources they need, thereby lowering the risk of over or under provisioning valuable resources. Humans begin carrying out financial activities from a very early age. They may start, for example, as soon as a child buys candy and hands over money to a shopkeeper. ‘Finance’ refers to anything to do with the exchange of certain capital assets between people, companies, or states. In other words, whenever money is flowing in or out of a company, there is a financial activity. Put simply; financial activities are anything companies do with specific monetary objectives.

Main Types of Business Activities Carried out By Organizations

In order to cover its vital processes, a business’s operations also encompass HR. Firms must ensure they have the correct workforce to perform their essential activities.

  • StakeholderA stakeholder in business refers to anyone, including a person, group, organization, government, or any other entity with a direct or indirect interest in its operations, actions, and outcomes.
  • Below is an example of a value chain analysis for McDonald’s and its cost leadership strategy.
  • Conversely, financial activities like receiving a loan can greatly increase your cash flow in a month, but interest charges and payments in the coming months can decrease cash flow.
  • Then changes in balance sheet line items, such as accounts receivable and accounts payable, are either added or subtracted based on their previous impact on net income.
  • Accounts ReceivablesAccounts receivables is the money owed to a business by clients for which the business has given services or delivered a product but has not yet collected payment.
  • Auditing is also performed to see the commitment to the delivery ratio of various departments.

Distributing goods from producers to consumers is an example. Another example is what transportation, finance, and tourism companies provide. Inside of an industry are various components such as design, production, manufacturing, and processing, but each industry is focused on their particular products or services. Ultimately, in industry, the goal is to produce products that consumers will accept and purchase, to make that industry money. For a business to operate properly and make a profit from the products and services that they sell, activity in these key areas is a must. Identify types of business activities, study https://www.bookstime.com/, and discover the importance of business activity. A cash flow statement is a financial statement that provides aggregate data regarding all cash inflows and outflows a company receives.


Inc., and Lowe’s Companies, Inc., are large home improvement retail companies with stores throughout North America. A review of the statements of cash flows for both companies reveals the following cash activity. Positive amounts are cash inflows, and negative amounts are cash outflows. For example, cash generated from the sale of goods and cash paid for merchandise are operating activities because revenues and expenses are included in net income. Under the new approach, overhead costs are tied directly to products or services and costs are reported for specific business activities.

  • For example, McDonald’s mission is to provide customers with low-priced food items.
  • The particular business operations of any firm often fall into one of a trio of categories.
  • Without consumers to buy products in trade, products are produced and distributed for no purpose.
  • Perhaps now is as good a time as any to consider what business operations are.
  • These activities provide a higher standard of living for the consumers as well as jobs and income for the producers.

LiabilitiesLiability is a financial obligation as a result of any past event which is a legal binding. Settling of a liability requires an outflow of an economic resource mostly money, and these are shown in the balance of the company. CreditorsA creditor refers to a party involving an individual, institution, or the government that extends credit or lends goods, property, services, or money to another party known as a debtor. The credit made through a legal contract guarantees repayment within a specified period as mutually agreed upon by both parties. Fixed AssetsFixed assets are assets that are held for the long term and are not expected to be converted into cash in a short period of time. Plant and machinery, land and buildings, furniture, computers, copyright, and vehicles are all examples.

In this competitive environment only, product quality is not important but a 360-degree view of the customer is crucial because customer satisfaction is rated as highest in the entire business activity. When accountants record operating activities, they often look like straightforward transactions. However, because investment and financial activities can dramatically alter recordings, accountants may change cash flow documents to better represent the company’s earnings within a short period of time. For example, a company may spread the investment cost of new equipment across the months that they use it rather than noting it as an operating cost in the month of purchase. Though you can simply calculate the totals in each business category as cash-in minus cash-out, there are additional factors to consider. Meanwhile, large businesses usually divide their operations and activities into various business functions such as operations, marketing, human resources, and finance.

  • In the world of stocks and shares, ‘financials’ refers to the shares of banks and other financial institutions.
  • Investing activities might include purchasing buildings or equipment that can help increase production or sales for an extended period of time.
  • It should also formulate a means of receiving feedback and complaints from customers to know their expectations and how to improve service delivery.
  • Selling an invention, or even suppressing one, is quite as legal as your own business activities.

Primary and support activities are the processes and systems a business uses to develop its offering. The five primary activities are inbound logistics, operations, outbound logistics, marketing and sales, and services. Support activities are firm infrastructure, HR management, technology development, and procurement. These cash inflows and outflows from operating activities are reported on two different financial statements. First, they show up on the income statement and are used to compute net income.

Related Terms:

Professions that require special licenses include law, medicine, piloting aircraft, selling liquor, radio broadcasting, selling investment investing activities securities, selling used cars, and roofing. Local jurisdictions may also require special licenses and taxes just to operate a business.

Classification of Business Activities

Small-scale businesses are usually managed and handled by an entrepreneur. The owner is responsible for everything from operations, marketing, human resources to finance. They then combine these inputs to produce goods and provide services. Investing activities relate to the long-term use of cash, such as buying or selling a property or piece of equipment, or gains and losses from investments in financial markets and operating subsidiaries. Target MarketA target market consists of different groups of individuals, households, and organizations towards which a company aims to offer its products and services. The customer is always right — meaning however valuable your customers perceive your product or service to be is exactly how valuable it actually is.

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